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How are dental cysts formed?


Theories of dental cyst formation
First of all a cyst of the tooth is a dense capsule. This capsule is lined with epithelium and covered with connective tissues. There is a root canal in the middle of the tooth. This way all infections get into the jawbone. Cyst needs a lot of empty space to be formed. A big carious cavity is needed for that. This way the pulp of the root canal becomes infected. Usually the whole process is painless. We learn about the disease only when the saliva washes necrotic tissues and creates a perfect environment for pathogenic bacteria.

In most cases the formation of a cyst is a defense reaction of our organism trying to fight harmful bacteria. It turns out that the nidus of infection is isolated from healthy bone tissues by a capsule of connective tissue. This is the way dental cysts appear. Cells of our immune system are constantly fighting inside the cyst because the infection keeps attacking the organism from the root canal of the tooth.

Cysts seem to be protecting our organism but unfortunately it is only a temporary measure that can have serious consequences. If the cyst becomes acute it may provoke dental abscess a purulent mass inside the bone tissue. Dental abscess can ruin the tooth completely. To prevent such situation see your dentist in time. Nowadays dentists can offer not only surgical but also therapeutic methods of treatment for patients with cysts. The exact term for cyst is a chronic apical periodontitis. Modern dentistry possesses technologies that can save you tooth if you turn to the dentist in time. Mind that no pain does not mean no problems. Otherwise you may want to cure the tooth but eventually will lose it.


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