GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS
1. Alternative Terminology. Chronic periodontitis was previously known as adult periodontitis. The name of the adult periodontitis, however, is misleading, as this type of periodontal disease can occur in people of all ages: children and teenagers, and adults.
2. Signs and symptoms of chronic periodontitis
A. changes in color, texture and size of the Marginal gingival
1. Red or purple fabric. In chronic periodontitis, gum tissue can appear bright red or purple.
a. In such cases, the clinical signs of chronic periodontitis is very noticeable when the initial examination of the oral cavity. Gums appear swollen with color from light-red to purple. Changes in contour and shape obvious, such as cold-rolled gums field, dull or flat, papillae.
B. An example of chronic periodontitis participating in this type has the form shown in the box 15-1.
2. Pale-pink fabric. In chronic periodontitis, gum tissue can be pale pink and almost normal and healthy.
a. The clinical picture of tissues is not a reliable indicator of the presence or severity of chronic periodontitis.
B. In many patients, changes in color, outline, and the sequence may not be visible for inspection. At first glance, inexperienced doctor may make a mistake and take the clinical picture of chronic periodontitis for health. Closer examination will reveal, hard, hard (fibrous tissue, the presence of pockets, and bleeding after sensing. Chronic periodontitis participating in this type has the form shown in the box 15-1.
B. bleeding, Crevicular fluid, Fluid
1. Bleeding gums is common, either spontaneous bleeding or bleeding in response to sensing.
2. The increase of the inflow of gingival crevicular fluid or suppuration (pus) from periodontal pockets, is common.
C. laque Biofilms and calculus deposits
1. Chronic periodontitis is characterized Mature supragingival and subgingival plaque biofilm and calculus deposits.
2. Although chronic periodontitis initiated and supported by plaque biofilm-makers to identify the factors of pathogenesis and the rate of progression of the disease.