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GINGIVAL DISEASES


Gum disease is usually include inflammation of the gum tissue, most often in response to bacterial plaque biofilm. Gum disease were divided into two main categories: (1) plaque-induced diseases of the gums and (2) the surrender of a RAID-induced destruction of the gums.

1. Plaque-Induced Diseases Of The Gums

A. Definition. RAID-induced gum disease periodontal diseases involving inflammation of the gums in response to bacteria, located in the gingival margin. Gingivitis associated with plague biofilm formation is the most common form of gum disease [4].

B. Subtypes. There are four main subtypes of plaque-induced diseases of gums.

1. Gingivitis associated with plaque biofilm only-the most common form is gingivitis as a result of plaque biofilm than local or systemic complicating factors.

2. Gum disease changed systemic factors-gum disease with systemic factors. Plaque biofilm formation is still plays a Central role in the etiology of diseases of the gums, modified systemic factors.

Systemic factors, however, play a key role. Example related to pregnancy gingivitis, in which fluctuations in hormone contribute to the growth of some types of bacteria in biofilms [5].

3. Gum disease modified drugs-medication-induced diseases of gums. An example of this category the drug affects the gums expansion. Some drugs, such as phenytoin and cyclosporine may encourage the expansion of gingival tissues in the presence of plaque biofilm formation. 4. Gum disease changed malnutrition-gum disease and malnutrition, a contributing factor. Severe malnutrition that is rare in developed countries. During the early stages of experimental deficiency of ascorbic acid, some increases in inflammation and bleeding gums, said [6,7].

C. Development Of The Disease. Gingivitis can persist for many years without any developing periodontitis.

2. Smoking throughout, memorial boards-induced gingival lesions...

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