GINGIVITIS—REVERSIBLE TISSUE DAMAGE
1. Signs Of Gingivitis
. Gingivitis is a type of periodontal disease characterized by changes in the color, outline, and the consistency of the gingival tissue (Fig. 3-6).
A. the beginning of gingivitis. Gingivitis is observed clinically from 4 to 14 days after the RAID biofilms accumulates in the gingival sulcus.
1. Acute gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, which lasts for a short period of time. Acute gingivitis often characterized the gingival fluid in the connective tissue, which results in swollen gums.
2. Chronic gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, which lasts for months or years.
a. When chronic gingivitis, the body can try to restore damaged tissues to form new collagen fibers of the connective tissue of the gums.
B. Excess collagen fibers to cause gingival tissues, which are larger and fibrous (fin) in the sequence.
c. Excess collagen fibers hide redness caused by the increased blood flow that makes skin appear less red.
Cotton Fabric Expansion. Gums extensions can be caused by swelling (acute gingivitis) or fibrosis (chronic gingivitis).
1. Tissue causes enlargement of the gingival margin to cover the most part of a tooth crown and results in deeper probing depths.
2. This enhancement gum tissue told to make false or the gingival pocket.
3. In the gingival pocket has grooves depth of more than 3 mm. This increased depth sensing caused solely by advanced gum tissue. Microscopically, paroxizmalnaya form epithelium remains in its normal position coronal to the FAC on the tooth into the gingival pocket.
C. Reversible Damage To The Tissue. Muscle damage, gingivitis is reversible, that is, with good patient self-help, the body can repair the damage.
D. Duration Of Gingivitis. In many cases, inflammation of the gums can persist for many years, never moving to the next stage of parodontitis. In some cases, a combination of risk factors can resulting in the development of gingivitis, periodontitis.
2. The clinical picture of gingivitis
A. color: gingivitis, gum tissue is usually red or red-blue color.
1. Blood flow increases in the connective tissue of the gums and gum blood vessels become filled with blood, causing the gums to appear red.
2. If gingivitis will not disappear, gums, blood vessels can become overloaded. This is a slow moving stream of blood causes the gums to have a bluish color.