Non-Plaque-lnduced Gingival Lesions
A small percentage of gum disease-Smoking throughout, memorial boards-induced gingival lesions-is not the cause of plaque biofilm and not disappear after plaque biofilm removal.
It should be emphasized, however, that the presence of dental plaque biofilm may increase the severity of inflammation of the gums in a non-Board-induced damage.
Smoking throughout, memorial boards-induced inflammation of the gums may occur due to various reasons, such as: bacterial, viral or fungal infections, genetic origin, dermatological (skin diseases, allergic reactions and mechanical injury.
Specific bacteria can infect the gingival tissue and cause the form of gingivitis . Some types of gingivitis can be caused by infection with a particular virus [8-10]. Although rare, in otherwise healthy individuals, gums damage can be caused by fungal infections [8,11]. There are some destruction of the gums that are not infections, but rather have a genetic etiology .
There is a wide variety of gum damage that occur as manifestations of systemic conditions such as mucocutaneous disorder or allergic reaction .
This section presents some examples of this small percentage of gum disease, in which plaque biofilm not etiological role. For RAID-induced destruction of the gums, the two most commonly seen in the dental office are the primary herpetic gingivostomatitis and allergic reactions.
1. Gum disease specific bacterial origin
A. Definition. Gum disease in this category are characterized by a bacterial infection of the gums specific bacterium, which is not a standard part bacterial plaque biofilm.
B. characteristics of gum disease specific bacterial origin
1. Gum disease-specific bacterial nature that occur in rare cases when a bacterial infection leads to an overload of host resistance. In these cases, gingivitis is due to infection by specific bacteria that usually not considered to be the causative agent of periodontitis. Examples include infections with Neisseria gonorrhoea" Treponema pallidum, and Streptococcus species [13-15].
2. The gingival lesions to appear in the form of painful ulcers, chancres or mucous patches, or atypical strongly inflamed gums (Fig. 14-10).
3. The lesions may not be present in other areas of the body.