The Role of Host Response in Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that causes an inflammatory response
in the periodontal tissues . For the progression of gingivitis
periodontitis, pathogenic bacteria must be present. For many years it was assumed that pathogenic bacteria were the only cause tissue destruction
seen periodontal diseases. The research results show that, although the bacteria needed for the disease to occur, the presence of periodontal pathogens are not enough to cause tissue destruction seen in periodontitis. Rather, it is the body's response to periodontal pathogens
and is the reason for the almost complete destruction saw periodontal disease [2-6].
So that the body reacts to periodontal pathogens known as the response of the host. The main goal of the human immune system is to protect human life (the host).
In the case of periodontal disease, the immune system seeks to protect the body from periodontal pathogens. Protective forces of the body are working to save the life of the owner, not to save the tooth, or his support of periodontal tissues. This Chapter focuses on the immune response to periodontal pathogens of diseases and tissue destruction that occurs when periodontal pathogens cause a chronic inflammatory response in the host.