Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Drugs
Tobacco remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the state of Washington, killing about 7,500 people every year. In Washington state Department of Health began the Tobacco Prevention and Control Program for almost ten years ago12, which led to a significant reduction in the area. However, more needs to be done.
Although Smoking among adult population has decreased from 22% in 1999 to 15 percent in 2009, approximately 750 000 washingtonians still smoke. Racial, ethnic, and low socioeconomic groups have higher rates of Smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke.
Youth Smoking decreased by 50 percent, but 75,000 our young people still smoke. In fact, 45 children start Smoking every day. Many of them are using other types of tobacco, such as cigars, smokeless products, chewing tobacco, snuff, pipes and flavored cigarettes, bidis), which would have an impact on the health and oral health.
There are over 7 million chewing tobacco users in the United States.
The majority of men-from primary school age and above. The two newest form of ropes chewing tobacco (turns) and snuff, which look like a small tea bag (Sasha). Tobacco companies aroma of these products to attract young users. In 2008 Washington Healthy Youth Survey, 9% of rural and 6.5 per cent of non-rural students reported some use of chewing tobacco. Since 2000, the main cause of concern is the expansion of the use of immersion snuff between the 8th and 10th graders.
Chewing tobacco incorrectly promoted as a safe alternative to cigarette Smoking. Advertisers promote it as a high-spirited, attractive and socially acceptable practices. Spit tobacco habit regarded as the perfect option for people who need to use their hands to pursue a career, Hobbies, leisure activities. People who can't smoke at the workplace often use chewing tobacco. Chewing tobacco increases the risk of oral cancer and other health problems, because it contains large amounts of cancer-causing substances. It also contains nicotine-stimulant able to create a strong dependence similar to cigarettes.
Impact of tobacco use on the body
Tobacco affects many parts of the body that can lead to health problems:
- Nicotine causes the release of chemicals in the brain that makes tobacco users crave tobacco.
- For makes the heart work harder to pump blood, due to hardening of the internal layer of the arteries. This additional workload on the heart, can lead to high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.
- For blocks the Airways, affects the lungs and increases the risk of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases.
- For ages and skin wrinkles.
- Tobacco can cause bladder, kidney, and stomach cancer.
- Long-term tobacco use may stain your fingers yellow.
In the oral cavity, tobacco causes:
- Gum disease, which leads to increased sensitivity to cold, loss of bones and teeth, cancer of the mouth, throat and esophagus.
- Caries, due to the high level of sugar (is used to improve the taste).
- Bad breath, teeth stains, and a decrease in the sense of taste and smell.
- Abrasion, due to the high level of sand and gravel in chewing tobacco, which wears away tooth enamel.