is an inflammation process that affects mucous membrane of the gum. It is worth mentioning that gingivitis does not lead to destruction of dentogingival junction.
Symptoms of gingivitis:
Local gingivitis is devided into different types according to some criteria. According to external evidence local gingivitis I divided into ulcerous, catarrhal, hypertrophic, and mixed. According to clinical event local gingivitis can be chronic and acute.
The symptoms of acute local gingivitis are reddening, burning sensation in gums, swelling of gums and labored swallowing. It may also cause severe pains of the inflamed area. Gingival hemorrhage is another symptom of acute gingivitis. Gingival ulceration can be observed in hard cases. Gingivitis is usually not an independent disease but a symptom of a more serious disease like parodontosis or periodontitis.
Treatment of gingivitis
It will be difficult to treat gingivitis unless you find and treat the cause of the main disease that led to inflammation of gum tissues.
It is recommended to combine topical treatment and treatment of diseases of other organs. Only then treatment of gingivitis will be successful. For example, if gingivitis is caused by a disease of gastrointestinal tract, it is not an option to treat the mouth cavity
. Only thorough and complex treatment will be effective.
Antiseptic and antibacterial medicines like lysozyme or hydrogen peroxide are frequently used for topical treatment of gingivitis. Their main function is to cope with imflammation process and prevent further spread of the disease. Gingival hemorrhage is treated with the help of tanning solutions and manganese solution. Various injections and ointment are also frequently used for topical treatment of gingivitis.