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How to treat teeth with the help of a laser?
Let us introduce you a new trend in dentistry: treatment of teeth with the help of a laser. Laser (or quantum oscillator) is a device that produces focused, coherent, polarized, monochromatic flux of electromagnetic waves. Laser possesses unique properties. It is used in many areas of applied medicine and stomatolo9gy is not an exception.
There are special kinds of lasers designed to be used in dentistry. Those are argon, diode, carbon dioxide, and other types of lasers. Treatment with the help of a laser is more simple and effective for the patient. This fact has been proven by numerous experiments and in practice. The main advantages of a laser are the high speed of work, safety, precision, lack of vibration and anesthesia (usually), and no heating of the tooth during treatment.
Laser treatment can easily cope with caries at the initial stage.
It is important that laser removes only tissues damaged by caries while healthy teeth are not affected by the laser at all. Laser treatment can be successfully used to seal wedge-shaped defects and fissures (channels and sulci on the masticatory surface of the tooth).
Laser used during parodontological surgeries secure excellent aesthetic effect. Moreover, such surgeries are absolutely painless. Photodynamic therapy in connection with laser treatment of gums can help the patient get rid of bad breath and gingival hemorrhage during a single session. It will take a bit more to cure deep dental recesses. The process of recovery will be faster than in case of usual treatment. Tooth tissues are strengthened thanks to laser treatment.
Laser treatment can remove fibromata without having to suture the wound. Bloodless surgery follows biopsy. Lasers are successfully used to treat diseases of the oral mucosa like hyperkeratosis, leukoplakia, aftos ulcers by means of sealing nerve endings, and lichen ruber planus. In endodontic dentistry lasers are used to sterilize the root canal (needed in cases of periodontitis or pulpitis). Mind that laser kills 100% of pathogenic microorganisms.
Laser dentistry shows good results in cases of hypersensitivity of the enamel. The procedure will increase the microhardness of the enamel by 38%. Using laser in aesthetic dentistry helps to change the shape and the contours of gums or remove the frenulum of tongue in case it is needed to make the smile more attractive. Nowadays bleaching of teeth with the help of a laser is becoming increasingly popular as it is a painless, effective, and safe procedure. Laser secures a lasting effect of the procedure.
It is worth mentioning that laser can be also used in dental prosthetics. It provides dentists with the opportunity to make a microscopic lock for the crown without having to grind the adjacent teeth. Lasers can make the process of implantation much simpler by indicating the exact place of installation of the implant. Moreover, the incision is minimal and tissues will recover much faster.
Mind that laser treatment cannot fully substitute classical methods of treatment. The main aim of laser treatment is to improve the quality of treatment but not substitute other methods. Since laser surgeries are painless patients will not need anesthesia. This way it is possible to treat children, people with cardiovascular diseases, and pregnant women.
The only minus of laser treatment is the high price of the equipment. Still, for every minus there is a plus as laser treatment is very effective.