Scaling. What is that?
A thin layer of dental deposit appears on teeth some hours after you have cleaned them. It is difficult to avoid it even if you clean your teeth regularly. But in this case the deposit is not too harmful as it doesn't have enough time to stick to your teeth.
Irregular cleaning of teeth can let the dental deposit stick to your teeth and turn into dental calculus
. It makes teeth not so white and can cause caries, periodontal diseases
. Eventually dental calculus can lead to tooth loss. Dental calculus makes effective and high-quality filling and prosthetics less possible. Before these procedures dental calculus must be removed.
Statistics shows that about 65 per cent of the adult population have dental calculus. In order not to become one of them take care of the condition of your teeth. If you have dental deposit you should better see a dentist.
In case you have dental calculus see the doctor immediately. If you remove dental calculus in a dental clinic the following things are to be done:
- Dental calculus removal with the help of manual instruments or ultrasound.
- Polishing of the teeth surface.
- Sometimes polishing can be replaced by using special protective toothpaste. There are several ways to remove dental calculus. The main methods are:
- Mechanical method of dental calculus removal.
This method presupposes using a series of special instruments including special hooks. The main instrument used to remove dental calculus is a sharp excavator. Nowadays this method is not widely spread. Another mechanical method to remove dental calculus is Air Flow. It consists in applying a curative mixture to teeth with the help of a special instrument. The latter mechanically removes soft dental deposit and dental calculus. The procedure is very quick. It does do harm your teeth.
Physical method of dental calculus removal.
Nowadays this method is very popular. In this case dentists use special ultrasound devices to remove dental calculus. Ultrasound vibrations produced by special devices effect the teeth. This procedure does not harm the teeth enamel. This is achieved with the help of specially selected frequency and vibration amplitude of the given device. Dental calculus is being removed painlessly.
Another advantage of this method is that dental calculus removal is followed by some slight dental bleaching. All patients will be happy to learn that this method is absolutely painless and bloodless. But if you apply ultrasonic devices to people having cardiovascular diseases you must be very careful. If a patient has a heart pacemaker ultrasound devices cannot be used.
Chemical method of dental calculus removal.
This method is used by dentists in cases when using other methods to remove dental calculus is impossible. Chemical method consists in using chemical substances (acids and alkali) that dissolve dental calculus.
Cotton pellets are used to apply the remedy to the teeth. Then cotton pellets are removed. Then the patient has to rinse his mouth. This way dental calculus is being softened so it can be easily removed from the toothy surface.
Mind that chemical substances can harm the teeth enamel. It can be the reason of hypersensitivity and sometimes other dental diseases. There is another modern method of dental calculus removal but it is not widespread yet because it is very expensive and brand-new. What we mean is using laser. Laser is used to split dental calculus into small particles. Then they are being washed out with the help of a special spray containing water and air. This method will keep your teeth enamel safe as it does not contact them. Moreover, if you use laser to remove dental deposit and calculus it will be easier for useful substances contained in food and toothpaste to penetrate into the teeth enamel. It is advised to remove dental calculus once a year. In most cases this procedure is painless. Otherwise dentists produce anaesthesia.