Dental hygiene advice
The purpose of the oral hygiene education to produce changes in behavior, resulting in the reduction of plaque accumulation enough, if possible, to prevent the beginning and development of dental caries and periodontal diseases
, and to make the patient as possible be independent professional support. successful outcome will depend not only on the skill of residue management practices, but also on changing behaviour and compliance with the proposed plaque control regime. Clearly, therefore, the physician should use the educational approach aimed at changing the attitude of the patient to periodontal diseases and dental care, which includes the following steps or principles:
- faith in susceptibility to disease;
- the belief is that the disease is undesirable;
- the belief that prevention is possible;
- the belief that prevention is desirable.
In addition, the memorial plate to the control skills should be trained using appropriate educational principles such as the step-Size of promotion, self-pacing, repeated feedback and reinforcement, as well as active participation of the patient.
Dental health, education and training in oral hygiene is traditionally carried out with the help of dental staff at the clinic, but this process is time-consuming and, with repetition, is likely to affect the mood of the instructor, and, therefore, the effect of the instruction. In recent years, however, the need for oral hygiene instruction in the clinic was questioned. Self-education programs, including the self-examination and instructions has been shown to be as effective as the clinic instructions for dental personnel in the changing habits of hygiene of an oral cavity.
Surgical dentistry frightening overtones for many people who find it hard to concentrate on the advice given. This fact alone may explain the success of self-education allowance-freedom to receive information in a less hostile environment, compensating for the lack of personal contact.
Regardless of the means, it is well known that teaching hygiene of the oral cavity, as a rule, has a lasting effect if periodically reinforced. Initial incentives to change behaviour appear to disappear after the target was achieved. According to the Committee in care of the oral cavity for prevention and control of periodontal diseases (report of the Committee, 1966):
Probably the most important and complex issue that have to be addressed before progress can be made in the prevention of periodontal diseases is how to motivate the individual to follow established effective oral health programme throughout his life.
This remains true today. Improving oral hygiene alone has little effect on the condition of the gums, the depth of your pocket, or subgingival flora deep periodontal lesions. In patients with existing periodontal disease, therefore, dental education in the field of health should be supported attention subgingival environment...