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Types of dental implants systems - Subperiosteal
What are the types of dental implantation?
Endodontic-endossal. This type of implantation is used if a patient has loose or ruined teeth. The dentist will install a post (can be of different form figured or screw) in the root canal of the tooth. This way the dentist strengthens the tooth and restores the normal contact of the root of the tooth with the crown. Mind that it is possible to use this method if there are at least 3 millimeters of healthy periodontium tissues surrounding the upper part of the crown.
Endossal. This type of implantation is also called intraosteal. During the process of implantation the dentist implants the bottom part of the prosthetic appliance into the bone tissue. Such implants consist of 3 parts: the root part place in the bone tissue, neck on the gum level of the mucosa, and the supraconstruction replacing the lost tooth. The upper part of the implant is called the abatement.
It is possible to install such implant if the alveolar bone is high enough.
Subperiostal. This type of implantation is used if the height of the alveolar bone is not enough. Metal framework of the subperiosteal implant becomes the support of the mouth cavity. The implant is made according to the cast of the jawbone and installed under the periosteum.
Intermucous. Is used to make the fastening of the prosthetic appliance more secure. This type of implantation is used in cases of atrophied alveolar bone of the maxilla. The implant is actual in case the patient has plate maldevelopment. Implants look like small mushroom protuberances on the inside of the prosthetic appliance. These very protuberances secure better fastening.
Bone. If the mandible is atrophied the best way to solve the problem is bone implantation. The dentist will fix an arched brace on the bottom part of the jaw. The implant will be installed not through the mouth. After that 2 posts will be placed through inside the bone tissue. Projecting parts of the implants are used to support removable prosthetic appliances.