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Periodontal status of many people with visual impairments), and periodontal health, will be affected by the relatively low level of oral hygiene that are prevalent in this population. Despite this, there is some evidence of actual periodontal status of people with disabilities. Recent research suggests that periodontal disease is widespread, but the fact that this case is also in the General population. This problem must be in the future, while severe gingivitis can progress to periodontitis and, thus, loss of teeth, small amounts of plaque is not incompatible with life, and therefore there is no sense in installation costly intervention programmes, based on professional help, unless there is a strong likelihood that these efforts can be stored at home. This is not an effective approach.

Tooth wear

A significant number of people, neurological disorders to perform routine clenching or grinding of teeth. This form depletion can be detrimental to the teeth, especially in combination with erosion. A significant proportion of people suffering from cerebral palsy, gastroeosophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be a problem. It causes severe pain and is observed in those patients who orally by the fed, as well as in people, fed through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and nausea, as well as Frank vomiting.

Root caries: risk factors

There was a large number of variables associated with the development of root caries on both prevalence and incidence studies. Beck et al. (1987) proposed a multi-factor model, which illustrates the complex web etiological variables that can be associated with either the severity or progression of the disease.

How does the oral environment change with age?

Aging is associated with some pathological and physiological changes that may affect the care of an oral cavity and disease patterns. They affect both the hard and soft tissues. Changes in hard dental tissues occur throughout life. There is still the surface of the formation of enamel and exposed dentine, with the increase of crystal growth, changed the orientation, and the inclusion of other minerals on the surface of the tooth. These changes lead to the surface of the enamel and dentin to be more resistant to demineralization.

What is old age and what are the oral health issues?

Diseases of the teeth and tooth loss is not inevitable consequence of ageing, but as almost universal, and both are irreversible. In the end, if a person lives long enough, disability on the basis of functional disorders in the loss of teeth will do its work, to a greater or lesser extent. As age increases, the focus of dental care is often away from the prevention and resolution of each patient's teeth, to broader strategy aimed at preventing a more General condition: functional limitations and dental disability that typically occur as a result of loss of teeth.

Malpositioned maxillary canine teeth

Malpositioned teeth significant disadvantage from the point of view of both the patient and the doctor. They are difficult to treat, treatment is long and expensive from the point of view of cooperation on the part of the patient, and in terms of technical knowledge and experience on the part of the operator. In malpositioned teeth can be left alone, or it can be extracted; it can be aligned using orthodontic treatment, or it can be cleared by surgery. Each of these methods has its drawbacks. Is it possible to intercept development problems and, early intervention, to convince malpositioned dogs to erupt in the correct position?

Supernumerary teeth

Supernumerary teeth can occur anywhere in the mouth, but is especially common in the maxillary mouth segment. They are usually classified by their shape, as additional, conical or tuberculate. Reference teeth are like a regular series found that in the area of the mouth is often very difficult to determine what is freelance tooth. Conical supernumerary teeth have tapered crowns and are usually in the maxillary mouth segment; they sometimes inverted and can be impacted, more or less indefinitely.

Preventive programmes in adults

From a practical point of view, it is more important to prevent the progression of periodontal disease, which is widespread in adults than to cancel gingivitis. However, as gingivitis or precedes or accompanies destructive periodontal disease and dental plaque is the etiological agent, the measures in effect reduce gingivitis in children, are relevant also for adults. On the other hand, adults, subgingival dental plaque and supragingival deposits of plaque and Tartar are common, so professional tooth-cleaning may include an element of subgingival tools for the treatment of early destructive defeat.

Preventive programmes in children

It is generally assumed that practice good oral hygiene is better acquired in childhood, when they can be integrated with other developing health habits. Prevention programmes in schools, to provide opportunities for interaction and a stimulating effect daily personal interaction.

Supportive periodontal care

When periodontal treatment completed, long-term stability of the periodontal tissues is achieved with the program, supporting periodontal or maintenance care. The General objective of maintenance therapy are:
  • prevention of recurrence and progression of periodontal disease;
  • to prevent or reduce the loss of teeth;
  • to increase the likelihood of diagnosis and treatment, timely, other diseases of the oral cavity.
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