Bleeding from alveolar socket of extracted tooth
Operative intervention is not the most desirable method of treatment of diseases of teeth, but sometimes it is the only way to solve some health problem. Extraction of teeth is used when other methods of treatment were not successful. On the other hand, if a patient is willing to preserve the sore tooth, it may become the source of a serious inflammation and purulent discharges. Teeth that have erupted in an improper way, loose and destructed teeth must also extracted. Sometimes extraction of teeth leads to traumas of blood vessels. These vessels start bleeding. Bleeding usually stops after 15 minutes.
However, there are cases when bleeding starts not immediately after the procedure but some time after it. In such case the possible cause of bleeding is gross interference, complicated procedure of extraction of tooth, or dilatation of damaged blood vessels (usually observed after anesthesia with the help of adrenalin). Lasting bleeding that cannot be stopped is usually the result of coagulation failure.
Bleeding that has started right after the procedure of extraction of tooth can be easily stopped by an experienced dentist. If bleeding started some time after you have left the dentist`s office, you will have to try and cope with the situation yourself. Such bleeding can be caused by eating hot food or rinsing your mouth, lysis of blood clot, and heightened arterial pressure. All these factors can be easily eliminated by a good dentist. If you are afraid that bleeding can start when you leave the dentist`s office, ask him for advice. He will definitely not refuse.
How to stop bleeding?
First of all try to cope with the problem yourself. Make a small cotton pad (it is better to use sterile tissue or gauze), apply it to the bleeding alveolar
socket and bite the pad. Cotton pad is to press the alveolar socket. Then try to lie down and relax. Emotions will only heighten your blood pressure. Though this method is rather simple, it turns out to be the most effective in most cases.
However, bleeding that cannot be stopped for more than 20 minutes is a good reason to see the doctor immediately. Such lasting bleeding can lead to serious loss of blood. If bleeding began at nighttime, go to hospital at once or call the ambulance. If bleeding was caused by heightened arterial pressure and lysis of blood clot, it is necessary to treat not only the alveolar socket. It is better to combine topical and general treatment.