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Hyperesthesia of dental tissues


Hyperesthesia of dental tissues is an increase dental sensitivity caused by different irritants. Usually they are of mechanic, chemical or temperature origin. Sometimes hyperesthesia follows various non-carious pathologies of dental tissues. One of such pathologies is increased erasability of teeth.

Although hyperesthesia is usually caused by mechanic, chemical, or temperature factors, sometimes it can be a symptom of some diseases or their complication. Such diseases as periodontitis can provoke hyperesthesia. Caries is also connected with hyperesthesia as it is one of the possible symptoms of the disease. Hyperesthesia causes severe pangs. The disease is rather tricky. Some patients complain that they have to control their breath in order not to inhale cool air. They avoid cold and hot food as well as sour, sweet, salty, and spicy products. The worst thing about hyperesthesia is that it causes constant pain that is difficult to reduce. Though there are sometimes period of slackening, it is better to use pain relievers.

On the other hand, if you suffer hyperesthesia, you should misuse drugs. It is always better to turn to a specialist. A good dentist will soon solve your problem.

How to treat hyperesthesia of dental tissues?

As soon as dentist has diagnosed hyperesthesia of dental tissues, he will prescribe some medicines for treatment. However, medicamental therapy is not always successful. In cases when medicines are not working, crowns are used. Crowns can eliminate the ruinous effect of irritants. They are placed only on those teeth that demand treatment. It is important to mention that such fillings should not change the vertical dimension. Otherwise occlusal load on teeth will be abnormal and can lead to destruction of teeth. In that case other teeth may need orthopaedic treatment.

There are different methods of treatment oh hyperesthesia. The choice of methods depends on the seriousness of the patient`s disease. Hyperesthesia that has affected only a small part of the denture can be treated with the help of prostheses that do not change the vertical dimension. Sometimes bridging prostheses of mandible and maxilla are used. These prostheses are used to stabilize the vertical dimension and eliminate the possibility of further brygmus.

There are cases when hyperesthesia affects some teeth of the maxilla and mandible. This problem is more unpleasant and demands serious treatment. Dental prosthetics is usually used in such cases. Nowadays there is a variety of prostheses that can be used in treatment of hyperesthesia. It is important to take the patient`s preferences and the general condition of teeth into account. Only then treatment will be effective.

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