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Caries of teeth


Caries is one of the most widespread stomatological diseases in the world. Caries is a very dangerous process as it can destruct not only teeth but also bones. The main cause of caries is the influence of acids produces by bacteria living in the human organism. These bacteria decompose sugar that can be found in human blood. Symptoms of caries:

Not all people understand that caries is not merely a stomatological problem. Caries is a disease. Caries comes in numerous forms that differ in degree of affection and acuity of clinical course. Caries can be very painful. When sweet, cold or sour food gets inside the carious cavity, it causes really bad feelings. The only possible way to reduce pain is to remove food debris from the carious cavity. There is an interesting thing connected with caries pain it never occurs without an irritant. It is easy to detect caries even at initial stages of its development as one can clearly see a brown or grey stain on the tooth that cannot be removed with the help of a toothbrush.

Surface caries affects dental enamel and teeth.

Such defect has an uneven bottom. Median caries affects dentine and dental enamel. The most ruinous type of caries is deep caries. It is difficult to treat because it affects all layers of dentine. Sometimes caries can acquire acute forms. Then the symptoms of the disease are the following: edges of the carious cavity are soft, of dark-grey color, carious cavity is of irregular shape with friable edges. This form of caries is really dangerous as it can affect more than one tooth.

Dentists also differentiate between acute and chronic forms of caries. Acute caries affects more teeth than the chronic form of the disease. Moreover, acute caries affects several teeth at a time. It can form more than one carious cavity in every tooth. Chronic caries affects only some teeth. Chronic caries is easy to recognize as the edges of carious cavity are firm, even, and pigmented.

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