Post-eruptive effect of diet on the development of dental caries: is intake of dietary sugars still
There is a wealth of evidence to show the role of dietary sugars in the etiology of dental caries. The evidence comes from many different types of research, including research on humans (both surveillance and intervention), animal studies, human plaque pH studies, enamel plates, and incubation studies of oral bacteria
and food substrates in vitro. Together information from different types of studies, provides an overall picture of the car-iogenic potential of various dietary carbohydrates. The strength of the evidence incriminating sugar in the etiology of dental caries comes from the multiplicity of research, not force any one study alone.
Fifty years ago, dietary issues relating to dental health largely focused on dietary sugar (in particular, sucrose) and although sugars, undoubtedly, the most important in the diet in the etiology of caries, modern diets also contain an increasing array of fermentable carbohydrates, including highly refined starches, fructose syrup, glucose, polymers and synthetic oligosaccharides. Additional information is also available about the effects of other components of the diet on the interaction between sugars and dental caries (i.e. protective factors, including fluorine). In this Chapter, the term"?sugars refers to the total sugars in General and in the future ?sugar " refers to sucrose. ..