All people are afraid of dental prosthetics. This procedure looks even more frightening in case you know you cannot do without it. Even though dental prosthetics
is not the most pleasant stomatological procedure but losing teeth is even worse. Even though dentists use a lot of scary words and there are a lot of noisy machines in the dentists office you should not treat it as an attempt to scare you.
Speaking about scary stomatological terms, sinuslifting is one of them. Sinus lifting consists in an artificial increase of the thickness of the maxilla bone. Sinus lifting is absolutely necessary if the thickness of the bone is not enough for implantation.
We should mention that from stomatological point of view the most problematic area is the lateral side of the maxilla. The thing is that this area is more prone to bone tissue deficiency. Moreover, maxillary sinus is located not far from this area.
Early loss of masticatory teeth (as a result of tooth extraction or some diseases) promotes atrophy of alveolar processes
. Eventually the thickness of the bone is decreased.
This problem can be easily solved with the help of sinus lifting. The procedure consists in an increase of the thickness of bone tissue by means of introducing various osteoplastic materials into the maxillary sinus. Hydroxyapatite, demineralize freezy-dried bone, autogenic bone, and inorganic bone materials can be used for sinus lifting.
Nowadays there are 2 various methods of sinus lifting. The first method is called open sinus lifting. It is worth mentioning that this method will take much time as the dentist will have to make an incision on the mucous membrane of the mouth cavity on the lateral side of the genyantrum. When there is free access to the maxillary bone the dentist will make a small opening in the bone. Later it will be filled with an osteoplastic material. After the procedure the bone is covered with a mucous flap. Osteoplastic material will turn into a real bone a year after the procedure. 8 more months will be necessary for the implant to take its place.
There are cases when close sinus lifting is possible. In this case the osteoplastic material is introduced into the floor of the sinus through the bed of implant. This method can be used if some small amount of bone tissue is missing.
There are cases when sinus lifting can be carried out simultaneously with the procedure of implantation. However, the whole process must be carried out by an experienced dentist. After the procedure of sinus lifting the chances of implant retention are much higher. Moreover, sinus lifting is a very safe method. It has been used for more than 30 years all over the world.