The two-way relationship between diabetes and oral health has been extensively studied. People with diabetes are more susceptible to periodontal disease before the onset of severe periodontal disease than do non-diabetics. Diabetics, patients with diseases of parodont, have more difficulties in controlling blood sugar levels and, consequently, suffer from diabetes worsened. Gum disease is called the sixth complication of diabetes. Gum disease causes the body inflammatory response
which may affect insulin sensitivity and, ultimately, lead to unhealthy levels of blood sugar. Diabetics react poorly to GUM infection due to a reduction in immune response and the reduction of the ability of the tissues to heal. It is important for diabetics to get routine dental care to help keep diabetes under control, and also to keep their blood sugar under control to avoid problems in the mouth.
Heart disease and stroke
Recent studies suggest a link between gum disease and heart disease and stroke.
The risk increases with the severity of the oral infection.
Some studies have shown that mothers early, low birth weight babies tend to have more severe gum disease than mothers with normal birth weight. Additional studies are underway on this subject.
The bacteria that cause respiratory diseases, are in much higher concentrations in people with gum disease. Gum disease can affect respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The elderly and patients with impaired function of the immune system are particularly sensitive.
Medicine taken for other health conditions can cause dry mouth, which can increase your risk of tooth decay
, oral yeast infection and other infections of the oral cavity.
Oral cancer and HIV/AIDS
Mouth can act as an early warning system and signal to other parts of the body. Oral cancer, AIDS, and osteoporosis examples of conditions, often for the first time found in the dental chair. Mouth lesions and other oral conditions may be the first sign of HIV infection, and are used to determine the stage of the infection, and to follow the progression of AIDS.
Healthy teeth and gums help you chew nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables. Rotten teeth and gums bleeding usually leads people to eat softer, mashed potatoes, or liquid diets that are less nutritious, richer sugar, and can lead to obesity.
What you can do to maintain good oral health and overall health
- Drink fluoridated water and the use of fluoride toothpaste.
- Take care of your teeth and gums to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis. Use dental floss daily; brush with a soft toothbrush, toothpaste with fluoride, after Breakfast and before bedtime.
- Avoid tobacco and drugs.
- Eat a healthy diet, avoiding frequent snacks that contain sugar and starch.
- Exercise daily. Children and youth need 60 minutes a day. Adults need to 150 minutes of moderate activity every week and strength training twice a week.
- If you are diabetic, control the level of sugar in the blood, and brush your teeth at least twice a day, to prevent complications of diabetes.
- Many drugs cause dry mouth. Chew a gum without sugar or candy increase the production of saliva, and inform your doctor or pharmacist know if you have a dry mouth.
- Visit doctors and dentists with at least once a year.