MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY OF ALVEOLAR BONE
1. The definition. Alveolar process
or alveolar bone is part of the upper and lower jaws which generate and maintain the sockets of the teeth (Fig. 2-22).
2. The function of the alveolar process in Periodontal
And protects the roots of the teeth. Alveolar bone forms bony sockets that support and protect the roots of the teeth.
B. Remodels in response to mechanical forces and inflammation. Alveolar bone is continuously periods of bone formation and resorption (loss) in response to mechanical forces on the tooth and inflammation of the periodontium.
3. Characteristics of the Alveolar bone
A. Components. Alveolar bone mineral connective tissue made by cells called osteoblasts (bone builders) .
1. The main types of cells
a. Osteoblasts-forming cells of the bone tissue produce bone matrix, consisting of collagen and other protein fibres.
B. Of osteoclastic bone consumers-cells that remove mineral materials and organic matrix of alveolar bone.
2. Extracellular matrix
a. Collagen and gel-type substances form a major component of the alveolar bone
B. Bone matrix is hard because it goes by mineralization of precipitation of minerals such as calcium and phosphates, which are then transformed in hydroxyapatite (Fig. 2-23).
B. vessels and nerves. Alveolar bone has blood vessels and nerve innervation.